Staphylococcus aureus (or Staph aureus) is a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin and hair as well as in the noses and throats of people and animals. These bacteria are present in up to 25 percent of healthy people and are even more common among those with skin, eye, nose, or throat infections.
Staphylococcus can cause food poisoning when a food handler contaminates food and then the food is not properly refrigerated. Other sources of food contamination include the equipment and surfaces on which food is prepared. These bacteria multiply quickly at room temperature to produce a toxin that causes illness. Staphylococcus is killed by cooking and pasteurization.
Foods that are made with hand contact and require no additional cooking, such as:
Other sources include milk and dairy products, as well as meat, poultry, eggs, and related products.
|Incubation Period||1-6 hours|
|Symptoms||Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, severe abdominal cramps, mild fever|
|Duration of Illness||24-48 hours|
|What Do I Do?||Drink plenty of fluids and get rest. If you cannot drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration, call your doctor.|
|How Can I Prevent Illness?|
Staphylococcal Food Poisoning (CDC)
General information on diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and more.